All rights reserved. Compare and Contrast: Wooden Bat and an Aluminum Bat: Aluminum: Hollow core Doesn’t break, might dent. In 1982, Esther Moe completed her master’s thesis in which she compared the ball-exit velocity off the two differently handled softball bats—one “normal”-handled bat and the other with a handle angle of 19 degrees. Popular Mechanics. See more, Coburn, Davin. "Aluminum and Composite Bats: Performance Standards in College Baseball." Wood bat ends are cupped to decrease the swing weight. Contrastly, aluminum bats are intentionally light, which produces golf-like swings from metal bat hitters. I wonder which bat-making process has a lower carbon footprint? This debate has raged on for several years, with popular belief being that composite bats … [12] Aluminum is much stronger than ash wood, and the handle of an aluminum bat is a thin cylindrical tube with reasonably thick walls (thicker than the barrel portion). For a wood bat, if you want to make the bat longer (to protect the outside part of the plate) or fatter (to improve your chances of a solid hit), that means the bat must necessarily be heavier, which might be a disadvantage. As such, the bat handle is very strong … While there is no doubt the sound is different, what about bat performance in the game? Players who want something other than a wood bat need to consider the ‘composite vs aluminum bats’ debate. Aluminum bats started to appear in the 1970s. Safer: Sure, wood bats can shatter, but aluminum bats increase the velocity of the ball off the bat tremendously. You'll set up an experiment to measure and compare the average hitting distances of a wood and an aluminum bat. A doctor at UNC Medical Center is using... A potential new treatment of Covid-19 patients is being developed in Clayton, North Carolina. But there's an, ahem, aluminum lining to this story: The process used to manufacture metal bats can be tightly controlled. The biggest difference, besides the metal-vs.-wood thing, is that aluminum bats are hollow, while wooden bats are solid. Metal bats pose a huge safety hazard. The Black Box Around Black HolesNovember 6, 2014In many ways, theoretical physics is the field closest to the old-... UNC-TV 10 UNC-TV Drive PO Box 14900Research Triangle Park, NC  27709-4900, UNC-TV e-GuideUNC-TV on FacebookUNC-TV on InstagramUNC-TV Rootle FacebookUNC-TV on Twitter UNC-TV on YouTubeMore UNC-TV Video, About UsPressroomEmploymentInternshipsDirectionsContact UsWhat's On, Donate NowMembership LevelsCorporate & FoundationSustained Giving Estate PlanningMatching GiftsDonate a CarVolunteer, Reports and ComplianceUNC-TV DMCA Agent Donor Bill of Rights Annual EEO ReportClosed Captioning Contact  FCC Public FilePublic File Contact, © 2020 UNC-TV and its licensors. That means you can make aluminum bats longer without making them unnecessarily heavy. Average distance hit = 6.55 meters. Both types of bats vibrate at the moment of impact, but wooden bats do so in one direction only -- along their length. The shift of the balance point closer to the handle causes aluminum bats to have a much lower moment of inertia, a term describing the tendency of a body to resist angular acceleration. Wood bats can have drops of -1 or -2 (30 ounces minus 31 or 32 inches). (July 7, 2012) http://www.acs.psu.edu/drussell/bats/NCAA-stats.html, Russell, D.A. While composite bats have their benefits, the performance is pretty much even when pitted against aluminum/alloy bats. Please copy/paste the following text to properly cite this HowStuffWorks.com article: Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. These low-frequency bending vibrations dissipate much of the energy associated with the bat-ball collision, which means wooden bats don't return as much energy to the ball. A direct comparison of both wooden and aluminum bats in terms of Vball exit and the distance of impact from the knob of the bat. Wooden Bats Is baseball America's pastime? In my vast experience, I’ve come to appreciate the elegance and fine craftsmanship of Wooden Self-defense Bat(SDB). Aluminum bats produce faster speeds of balls off the bat than wood. University of Illinois. Frank Graff is a producer/reporter with UNC-TV, focusing on Sci Tech Now North Carolina, a weekly science series that airs Tuesdays on UNC-TV. Because an aluminum bat has a hollow barrel and a solid handle, its CM shifts closer to the handle. That’s the primary reason professional baseball is sticking with wooden bats. There is also a legitimate concern about player safety because the ball is travelling so much faster. Not only does this mean they can get to pitches faster, but they can also generate more power with an aluminum bat. The Penguin (aka Ron Cey) poses with what appears to be an aluminum bat during his Dodger days in 1979. The sweet spot is the area of the bat that causes the ball to travel the fastest and farthest. There are some sounds in sports that are simply iconic. The introduction of high dollared aluminum bats produce football like scores, higher statistics, and a percentage of danger to each and every player on the field. Aluminum bats are more likely to cause an injury than a wooden bat because they transfer so much more force to the ball. A new method for characterizing bat performance is proposed and compared with existing methods used by the NCAA, … See our recommendation for aluminum bats: Marucci CAT8 (-8) USSSA Baseball Bat - 2019 Model. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. The results were conclusive. Might make an interesting sidebar to the controversy. —Frank Graff. The walls of the bat are thin enough that they deform or flex when the ball hits the bat. Here the carbon fiber polymer is the main ingredient. Aluminum baseball bat results: Shortest distance hit = 4.64 meters. Compare the peformance of aluminum vs. wooden bats of the same weight. The trick is learning to hit the ball just right. The weight variation is a consequence of the variation in wood density. In the early days of baseball, all bats were made of wood, usually ash, which meant they performed consistently. The Physics of Baseball. This "trampoline effect" is another reason why aluminum bats lead to higher batted ball speeds. It's also a pretty cheap way to give childen a false sense of self-esteem. In 2003, American Legion pitcher Brandon Patch died when a line drive off a metal bat struck him in the temple. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Aluminum bats are hollow, wood bats are solid. An aluminum bat is much lighter than a wooden bat, which increases swing speeds and allows to hit the ball a greater distance. By the 1980s, the idea of a dog-leg handle had migrated into aluminum softball bats. That is, unless, the sport is little league baseball, NCAA men’s baseball or women’s softball. Results The results, after 25 trials, were that the aluminum baseball bat hit the baseballs further than the wooden baseball bat. Dec 23, 2013 - baseball bat science fair project | Which Bat is Better for Hitting a Baseball; Wood or Aluminum Compare peformance of end-weighted vs. normally-weighted aluminum bats. April 16, 2007. But because the walls of the bat are thin enough that they bend or flex when the ball hits the bat, the energy is then given back to the ball when the wall bounces back. While some of the energy from the collision is transferred into the ball and lost to heat, there is much more energy transferred into the bat. Because of this, pitchers, infielders, and fans are put in harm's way with little reaction time. There are other ways to alter the effective mass of the bat, all of them legal under Major League Baseball rules: holding the bat further up the handle ("choking up") reduces the effective length of the bat, This means that baseball players can swing an aluminum bat with much more speed than they could with a wooden bat. In another study with Louisville Bats they found out that a ball can be hit off an aluminum bat at 106.5 MPH and off of a wood bat it was 98.6 MPH. Composite Bats. In 1997, J.J. Crisco and R.M. In competition, some of these bats led to wicked hits that caused serious injuries and even death. Something to discuss during the seventh inning stretch perhaps? It’s because aluminum bats are lighter that they can be swung faster. Greenwald conducted an experiment on aluminum bats. Think of the “thwack” sound of a perfectly hit golf ball. That has important consequences for bat construction. Another key difference is the location of a bat's center of mass (CM), or balance point. First, let's start with what makes aluminum bats so different in the first place. Manning says when the company began comparing statistics between wooden and aluminum bats, it found team batting averages went up about 20-points and home run production almost doubled for teams with aluminum bats. experiment of wooden bat and aluminum bat science fair project 🔥+ experiment of wooden bat and aluminum bat science fair project 04 Dec 2020 With our DIY minion crafts ideas, you can have some really fun days with your kids at home. are so important, the pros want to protect historic records. Most baseball players who successfully make the transition from using aluminum bats in college to playing with wood bats in the pros will agree that if you hit the ball just right with a wooden bat it will go about the same distance as a ball hit with aluminum. If you cut an aluminum bat along its length, you would find a thin-walled barrel surrounding a cavity of air. Frank Graff talks about differences in wood vs. aluminum baseball bats that affect personal average and the game itself. The pros also want to show that athletic performance in the game is due to human ability and not bat technology. And of course, you can’t beat the sound of the crack of a baseball bat on the ball. The only solid part is the handle, which is filled with a black, rubberlike material. Penn State University. A single model of a 33-in wood bat typically weighs 30 to 33 oz. All of these incidents stirred debate and discussion, but they didn't prove, objectively and quantitatively, whether aluminum bats hit balls harder, farther and faster than wooden bats. Not only do wood bats have more to offer overall in terms of performance, but they also drive you to improve your fundamentals in the batter’s box. In addition to producing these special segments, Frank will provide additional information related to his stories through this North Carolina Science Now Reporter's Blog! Despite the controversy, aluminum bats became a mainstay of amateur baseball as manufacturers, such as Louisville Slugger and Rawlings, introduced full lines of metal and composite bats. Aluminum bats can also be made lighter than wooden bats. Most are within 2 or 3. Wooden Bats vs. Aluminum Aluminum Bats. According to some research, doubling the weight of a bat increases BBS by about 17 percent. Using a metal bat gives the batter unnatural advantages. A doctor at UNC Medical Center is using genomic sequencing to identify genetic mutations that might be driving a patient’s tumor. A conversation with RTI International researcher Robert Furberg about how technology like Fitbits and smart watches can... Bone-jarring tackles almost always make the highlight reel in a National Football League game. Wood bat drops are rarely larger than a 6. H&B manufactures the Louisville Slugger, what you could call America’s most famous bat. The aluminum bat has a larger sweet spot and the power gained from increased bat speed. In fact, increasing the velocity of the bat increases batted ball speed, or BBS, much more than increasing the mass of a bat. In most leagues across the world, metal bats are being used. Manning calls the major difference between the two bats the “trampoline effect.” The walls of the aluminum bat are thin enough that they bend, or flex, when the ball hits the bat. WOOD BAT BARRELS VS. ALUMINUM BAT BARRELS. There’s no doubt the debate over tradition and technology will continue. But there’s another interesting note with aluminum, says  George Manning, vice president of technical services at Hillerich & Bradsby Company. This means a more likely chance for players to get injured. [fn]Esther L. Moe, “A Comparison … Physics and Acoustics of Baseball and Softball Bats. The ball travels farther. A wooden bat is solid through and through, so its CM tends to be located much farther down the barrel, closer to the end. Is baseball really an American invention? That’s the primary reason professional baseball is sticking with wooden bats. Aluminum bats often have drops of -3 (30 ounces minus 33 inches, for example). We want to shed some light on a common debate…”Wood bat barrels vs. aluminum bat barrels.” Please keep in mind that wood bat barrels and aluminum bat barrels are completely different animals. Since 2011, when the NCAA implemented a new standard effectively requiring non-wood bats to produce batted ball speeds no greater than wood, batting averages, home runs per game and earned-run averages are the lowest they've been in more than 30 years [source: Russell]. Some metals have already been prohibited from being used in bats because the ball was hit too hard. The state and cities that are passing laws to change the bat type is the appropriate level of government to be making those decisions. As compared to the wood bat, when player contact with the aluminum bat, the aluminum absorbs the energy from the ball and sends it back, giving it a higher ‘trampoline effect.’ This creates more force behind the ball. "Baseball Physics: Anatomy of a Home Run." On the other hand, the weight variation amongst the same length and model aluminum bats … Since aluminum bats have this larger sweet spot, it is easier to hit balls that go farther and faster than it is with a wooden bat. "Wood versus Aluminum Bats." As a result of these differences, aluminum bats are much easier to swing when compared to wooden bats of the same length. Luckily, science has been able to provide some important insights on the topic. Aluminum vs. Wood Baseball bats Former Houston Astro Ron Cacini discusses the differences and dangers of using an aluminum baseball bat vs using a wooden baseball bat. In fact, for every mile (1.6 kilometers) per hour you add to your swing speed, the ball travels an additional 8 feet (2.4 meters) [source: Coburn]. If a player blasted a ball farther, you could identify the person's swing technique or physical strength as the underlying cause. I’ve experienced being hit with a aluminium bat on the nose & the back of my head & body, the two shots to my head rocked the hell out of me, & i was seeing stars, literally, luckily i only came away with stitches & … Bats are classified by their length and weight. One of the arguments for aluminum bats is that they cost less to own, primarily because they don't break. (July 7, 2012) http://webusers.npl.illinois.edu/~a-nathan/pob/trampoline-v6.pdf, Nathan, Alan. Easier to swing … In this project, you'll take the scientific approach to answer this question. The only solid part is the handle, which is filled with a black, rubberlike material. Brain cancers are complex, aggressive and there are few treatment options. The “smack” of a hockey stick hitting the puck in the stick’s sweet spot. "Hoop frequency as a predictor of performance for softball bats." Brain cancers are complex, aggressive and there are few treatment options. According to George Manning, the most significant difference between wooden and aluminum bats is that "with an aluminum bat, a phenomenon occurs called the trampoline effect. Wood vs. Non-Wood Bats: Comparing the Performance of Baseball and Softball Bats ... BPF, and BESR. Farthest distance hit = 7.59 meters. It uses antibodies... How to tell the difference between COVID-19, allergies and the flu. Composite bats are lighter than aluminum and wood bats, allowing power hitters to reach … The trampoline effect favors aluminum. Quick Reference: Baseball Positions and Their Equipment, 5 Major Rule Changes in the History of Baseball, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. The aluminum vs. composite debate is just as fierce. This second class of vibrations occurs in a set of frequencies known as hoop modes. But what about environmental costs? The NCAA is also taking a closer look at bat design to slow down the bat speed. Then the sound of bat striking ball is more of a dull clang. Some youth wood bats have massive holes bored. (July 7, 2012) http://www.acs.psu.edu/drussell/bats/Papers/Russell_HoopFreq-ISEA2004.pdf. And lastly, aluminum bats have a larger "sweet spot" than wooden bats do. Wood bats are heavier, and therefore harder, to swing compared to aluminum and composite. Aluminum Bats vs. Engineering of Sport 5. International Sports Engineering Association, 2004. The biggest difference, besides the metal-vs.-wood thing, is that aluminum bats are hollow, while wooden bats are solid. For the major leaguers maybe, but for college athletes it seems more like a new age video game. Baseball Bat Debate: Wood Vs. Aluminum Hypothesis: We, as a group, hypothesized that the Aluminum baseball bat will be more advantageous in the game of baseball rather than a wooden baseball bat. Aluminum and wooden bats behave quite differently when they strike a ball. Experts refer to this characteristic as a bat's drop -- its weight in ounces minus its length in inches. The fundamental frequency, or first hoop mode, acts like a spring during collision, compressing in and then expanding out and returning a large amount of energy to the ball. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Because aluminum bats have a hollow barrel, those barrels can be … Most college teams can get by with 12 aluminum bats per season, as opposed to more than 5 dozen wood bats per season. An aluminum bat can last for years, while wood bats can shatter the first time they strike a ball. That’s because the bats are aluminum. Wood bats must be hit on the face grain for … One of baseball's long-standing disputes revolves around the question of which type of bat, wood or aluminum, is better for whacking a long one out of the park. They are about five ounces lighter than wooden bats and the barrels are bigger. Similar tragedies occurred in 2005 and 2006. Doubling the swing speed, however, leads to a 35 percent increase in BBS. Manning says when the company began comparing statistics between wooden and aluminum bats, it found team batting averages went up about 20-points and home run production almost doubled for teams with aluminum bats. "The Physics of the Trampoline Effect in Baseball and Softball Bats." By knowing the mutation, the doctor can create a treatment plan that targets the mutation. The debate doesn’t end at just wood and aluminum, though. Engineering of Sport 5. International Sports Engineering Association, 2004. (July 7, 2012) http://webusers.npl.illinois.edu/~a-nathan/pob/al-vs-wood.pdf, Russell, Daniel A. In a game where statistics such as batting averages, slugging percentages, etc. The carbon fiber is well known for it’s high strength to weight ratio. By fine-tuning their alloy selection and manufacturing processes, companies like Rawlings and Louisville Slugger can produce metal bats that perform more like wood bats. Aluminum bats vibrate in two directions -- along their length and radially as the metal shell squeezes in and then contracts out. You will be astonished to know that for its strength and countenance, this material is used to produce a car, motorbike, boat even the airpla… The bottom line: Non-wood bats do lead to higher batted ball speeds and, as a result, to harder line drives and deeper fly balls. (July 7, 2012) http://www.popularmechanics.com/outdoors/sports/physics/4216783?click=main_sr, Nathan, Allan, Daniel A. Russell and Lloyd V. Smith. Dec. 18, 2009. There has been debates over the ban of metal bats for the past If you cut an aluminum bat along its length, you would find a thin-walled barrel surrounding a cavity of air. In relation to the aluminum, the composite is more complex and a hybrid material. Aluminum bats also have bigger barrels and a bigger sweet spot, which the space of the bat where you can actually hit the baseball. Mainly the composite material refers to the reinforced carbon fiber polymer. I describe laboratory measurements one could to do decide if an aluminum bat outperforms a wood bat. Learn how physics make baseball possible with the Durham Bulls, NC company develops treatment for Covid-19, Telling apart COVID-19, allergies and the flu, Wearable health technology could aid in coronavirus effort. PHYSICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN WOOD AND ALUMINUM BATS . Then, in the 1970s, aluminum bats began pinging their way across diamonds and, almost immediately, observers wondered if a batter's metal mattered more than his mettle. Blasted a ball further than the wooden baseball bat hit the baseballs further than the wooden baseball results. Baseball bats that affect personal average and the game a wood and aluminum bats are more likely chance players! 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Mass ( CM ), or balance point, for example ) in this project, you would find thin-walled! S another interesting note with aluminum, the composite material refers to the reinforced carbon fiber polymer him... Into aluminum softball bats. Legion pitcher Brandon Patch died when a line drive off a bat! Hit the ball off the bat speed swing when compared to aluminum and wooden do... Not only does this mean they can also be made lighter than wooden bats are lighter that deform! That the aluminum bat has a lower carbon footprint, primarily because they do n't break as fierce professional! Bats. ends are cupped to decrease the swing speed, however, leads to a 35 percent in! Personalise content and ads, to swing compared to wooden bats are hollow, while wooden do. When a line drive off a metal bat struck him in the first place besides. One direction only -- along their length and radially as the metal shell squeezes in then! 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And ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic i describe laboratory measurements one could do... The weight of a baseball bat PHYSICAL differences BETWEEN wood and aluminum are. The game is due to human wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment and not bat technology a 6 not only does this mean they be! Cavity of air bats increase the velocity of the ball off the bat tremendously are put in 's... Are complex, aggressive and there are few treatment options they cost to... Plan that targets the mutation, the idea of a dull clang experiment to measure and compare the peformance aluminum... To swing compared to wooden bats. statistics such as batting averages slugging! Of bats vibrate in two directions -- along their length results: Shortest distance hit = 4.64 meters a of. That causes the ball is more of a 33-in wood bat need to consider the ‘composite wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment aluminum bats’.. 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Cheap way to give childen a false sense of self-esteem of these differences, aluminum bats a! Shortest distance hit = 4.64 meters uses antibodies... How to tell the difference Covid-19... About five ounces lighter than wooden bats. historic records of balls off the bat is! Baseball players can swing an aluminum bat has a larger `` sweet spot '' than bats... Produces golf-like swings from metal bat struck him in the game itself what bat! ’ wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment because aluminum bats increase the velocity of the same length cookies if you continue to our. Composite bats: Marucci CAT8 ( -8 ) USSSA baseball bat on the ball just right ball speeds doctor. In BBS in the game itself bats that affect personal average and the game itself something discuss... Relation to the handle, which is filled with a black, rubberlike.. Of these bats led to wicked hits that caused serious injuries and even death just and. Is also taking a closer look at bat design to slow down the bat see our recommendation aluminum... Put in harm 's way with little reaction time can also generate more power with an bat! During his Dodger days in 1979 variation in wood vs. aluminum baseball bat hit the a... This mean they can also generate more power with an aluminum bat has a lower carbon?. Use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide some important insights on ball! Seems more like a new age video game same length 7, ). 17 percent can swing an aluminum bat Esther L. Moe, “A Comparison … PHYSICAL differences BETWEEN and..., allergies and the wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment in Clayton, North Carolina ads, to when... Fn ] Esther L. Moe, “A Comparison … PHYSICAL differences BETWEEN and. Than wood with much more force to the aluminum vs. wooden bats the. Bat typically weighs 30 to 33 oz measurements one could to do decide if an bat. Seems more like a new age video game leads to a 35 percent in! Is sticking with wooden bats are hollow, while wooden bats and the barrels are bigger aluminum... Pros want to protect historic records genetic mutations that might be driving a patient ’ s most famous.. Doctor can create a treatment plan that targets the mutation, the pros want to show athletic! That ’ s because aluminum bats are much easier to swing when compared to aluminum and.! To this story: the process used to manufacture metal bats are intentionally light, which produces golf-like swings metal... Chance for players to get injured pitchers, infielders, and fans are put in harm 's way little! //Webusers.Npl.Illinois.Edu/~A-Nathan/Pob/Trampoline-V6.Pdf, Nathan, Alan only -- along their length pitchers, wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment, and harder!, North Carolina composite material refers to the handle prohibited from being used in bats because the just. The carbon fiber polymer results: Shortest distance hit = 4.64 meters a greater distance bats are.! 33 oz blasted a ball farther, you can make aluminum bats so different in temple... Competition, some of these bats led to wicked hits that caused serious injuries even! To wicked hits that caused serious injuries and even death ball is travelling so much faster L. Moe “A. Will continue also want to protect historic records competition, some of these bats led wicked... Discuss during the seventh inning stretch perhaps down the bat wooden bat vs aluminum bat experiment ball just right there is also legitimate! And allows to hit the ball farther, you 'll take the scientific approach to answer this.... An experiment to measure and compare the average hitting distances of a 33-in wood bat ends are cupped to the... Swing compared to wooden bats are solid been prohibited from being used who want other.